tournament is a type of elimination tournament competition in which a participant ceases to be eligible to win the tournament's championship upon having lost two games or matches. It stands in contrast to a
tournament, in which only one defeat results in elimination.
One method of arranging a
tournament is to brake the competitors into two sets of brackets, the Winners Bracket and Losers Bracket (W and L Brackets for short; also sometimes Upper Bracket and Lower Bracket, respectively) after the first
. The first
winners proceeding into the W Bracket and the losers proceeding into the L Bracket. The W Bracket is conducted in the same manner as a
tournament, except of course that the losers of each
"drop down" into the L Bracket. Another method of
tournament management is the
tournaments, most often the number of competitors is equal to a power of 2 (8, 16, 32, etc.) so that there are an even number of competitors at every
. The maximum number of games in a
tournament is one less than twice the number of teams participating (e.g., 8 teams - 15 games). The minimum number is two less than twice the number of teams (e.g., 8 teams - 14 games).