Also double elimination .

A double-elimination tournament is a type of elimination tournament competition in which a participant ceases to be eligible to win the tournament's championship upon having lost two games or matches. It stands in contrast to a single-elimination tournament, in which only one defeat results in elimination.
One method of arranging a double-elimination tournament is to brake the competitors into two sets of brackets, the Winners Bracket and Losers Bracket (W and L Brackets for short; also sometimes Upper Bracket and Lower Bracket, respectively) after the first round . The first round winners proceeding into the W Bracket and the losers proceeding into the L Bracket. The W Bracket is conducted in the same manner as a single-elimination tournament, except of course that the losers of each round "drop down" into the L Bracket. Another method of double elimination tournament management is the Draw and Process.
As with single-elimination tournaments, most often the number of competitors is equal to a power of 2 (8, 16, 32, etc.) so that there are an even number of competitors at every round . The maximum number of games in a double elimination tournament is one less than twice the number of teams participating (e.g., 8 teams - 15 games). The minimum number is two less than twice the number of teams (e.g., 8 teams - 14 games).