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Thread: World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 09. Ten Ball

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    Book World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 09. Ten Ball

    WPA Rule 9. Ten Ball
    The Rules of Play From World Pool-Billiard Association (Effective 1/1/08)

    Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General Rules of Pocket Billiards apply.



    Ten ball is a call shot game played with ten object balls numbered one through ten and the cue
    ball. The balls are played in ascending numerical order and the lowest numbered ball must be
    contacted by the cue ball in order to establish a legal hit. The player legally pocketing the ten
    ball wins the rack, and this can be achieved on the break shot without calling a ball. Only one
    ball may be called on each shot. (See 9.5 Shots Required to be Called).

    9.1 Determining the Break
    The player who wins the lag chooses who will break the first rack. (See 1.2 Lagging to
    Determine Order of Play
    .) The standard format is to alternate the break, but see Regulation
    15, Subsequent Break Shots
    .

    9.2 Ten Ball Rack
    The object balls are racked as tightly as possible in a triangular shape, with the one ball at the
    apex of the triangle and on the foot spot and the ten ball in the middle of the triangle. The
    other balls will be placed in the triangle without purposeful or intentional pattern. (See
    Regulation 4, Racking / Tapping of Balls.)



    9.3 Legal Break Shot
    The following rules apply to the break shot:
    (a) the cue ball begins in hand behind the head string; and
    (b) if no ball is pocketed, at least four object balls must be driven to one or more rails, or the
    shot is a foul. (See Regulation 17, Open Break Requirements.)

    9.4 Second Shot of the Rack – Push Out
    If no foul is committed on the break shot, the shooter may choose to play a “push out” as his
    shot. He must make his intention known to the referee, and then rules 6.2 Wrong Ball First
    and 6.3 No Rail after Contact are suspended for the shot. If no foul is committed on a push
    out, the other player chooses who will shoot next. The ten ball pocketed during a Push Out is
    spotted, without penalty.

    9.5 Call Shots & Pocketing Balls
    Whenever the shooter is attempting to pocket a ball (except the break) he is required to call
    shots, the intended ball and pocket must be indicated for each shot if they are not obvious.
    Details of the shot, such as cushions struck or other balls contacted or pocketed are irrelevant.

    For a called shot to count, the referee must be satisfied that the intended shot was made, so if
    there is any chance of confusion, e.g. with bank, combination and similar shots, the shooter
    should indicate the ball and pocket. If the referee or opponent is unsure of the shot to be
    played, he may ask for a call.

    9.6 Safety
    The shooter, after the break at anytime may call “safety” which permits him to make contact
    with the legal object ball without pocketing a ball and end his inning. However, if the shooter
    pockets the legal object ball the incoming player has the option to play the shot as left, or
    hand it back to his opponent. (See 9.7 Wrongfully Pocketed Balls which also applies during a safety.)

    9.7 Wrongfully Pocketed Balls
    If a player misses his intended ball and pocket, and either makes the nominated ball in the
    wrong pocket or pockets another ball, his inning has finished and the incoming player has the
    option to take the shot as is, or hand it back to his opponent.

    9.8 Continuing Play
    If the shooter legally pockets a called/nominated ball on a shot (except a push out, see 9.4
    Second Shot of the Rack – Push Out
    , any additional balls pocketed remain pocketed (except
    the ten ball; see 9.9 Spotting Balls ), and he continues at the table for the next shot. If he
    legally pockets the called ten ball on any shot (except a push out), he wins the rack. If the
    shooter fails to pocket the called ball or fouls, play passes to the other player, and if no foul
    was committed, the incoming player must play the cue ball from the position left by the other
    player.

    9.9 Spotting Balls
    If the ten ball is pocketed on a foul or push out, or without calling it, or accidentally in the
    wrong pocket, or driven off the table, it is spotted. (See 1.4 Spotting Balls.) No other object
    ball is ever spotted.

    9.10 Standard Fouls
    If the shooter commits a standard foul, play passes to his opponent. The cue ball is in hand,
    and the incoming player may place it anywhere on the playing surface. (See 1.5 Cue Ball in
    Hand
    .) The following are standard fouls at nine ball:


    9.11 Serious Fouls
    For 6.14 Three Consecutive Fouls, the penalty is loss of the current rack. For 6.16
    Unsportsmanlike Conduct
    , the referee will choose a penalty appropriate given the nature of
    the offense.

    9.12 Stalemate
    If a stalemate occurs the original breaker of the rack will break again. (See 1.12 Stalemate.)



    Index: World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 01. General Rules
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 02. Nine Ball
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 03. Eight Ball
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 04. 14.1 Continuous Pool
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 05. Black Ball
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 06. Fouls
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 07. Rules for Wheelchair Competition
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 08. Definitions Used in the Rules
    World Pool & Billiard Rules of Play: 09. Ten Ball
    World Pool & Billiard Tournament Regulations
    World Pool & Billiard Tournament Table & Equipment Specifications

    Last edited by pool game; 02-04-09 at 07:19.
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